3:30 – 6:00 pm


5:30 – 8:00 pm

Opening Reception

Join us for an evening of networking, delicious food and music!

Performance by: Okara, Nature-inspired instrumental group featuring award-winning multi-instrumental recording artist David Finkle (Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory) and his wife Laura Leonard (of Maliseet descent), widely known both as a powerful hand drum singer and talented fashion designer.




7:15 am - 3:30 pm


8:00 – 9:00 am

Networking Breakfast / Visit Exhibitors and Poster Exhibition

9:00 – 9:30 am

Prayer / Greetings / Welcome

Greetings: Chief Dylan Whiteduck, Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg
Leona Irons, Executive Director, National Aboriginal Lands Managers Association, and Treasurer of the Board of Directors, Indigenous Centre for Cumulative Effects
Leea Litzgus, Executive Director, Indigenous Centre for Cumulative Effects

9:30 – 10:15am

Opening Plenary

Blueberry River First Nations’ Journey of Protection, Restoration and Reclaiming its Treaty Rights
After decades of watching their traditional territory being impacted by the cumulative effects of industrial development, Blueberry River First Nations members found they were no longer able to live their traditional way of life as promised under Treaty 8. When countless warnings by Blueberry were not heard, Blueberry sued the BC Government for breach of Treaty rights. In 2021, the BC Supreme Court ruled entirely in Blueberry’s favour and ordered the BC Government to stop allowing new development as it had been doing, and ordered Blueberry and BC to work out land management rules that protect Blueberry’s Treaty rights. In January 2023, Blueberry and the BC Government reached an historic agreement and are now working together to implement it. This agreement will ensure Blueberry’s Treaty Rights are protected, new measures are implemented, and planning gets underway immediately to restore and heal the land. In her presentation, Chief Desjarlais will share her Nation’s journey, through the court case, to the implementation agreement, and how the cumulative impacts of industry look on the ground in her territory. In doing so, Chief Desjarlais hopes her presentation will educate and inspire others to begin their own new ways of thinking about protection of the land, treaty rights and restoration. Keynote Speaker: Chief Judy Desjarlais, Blueberry River First Nations

10:15 – 10:45 am

Networking Break / Visit Exhibitors and Poster Exhibition 

11:00 am – 12:30 pm

Concurrent Sessions

Moderator: Mark Cliffe-Phillips, Executive Director, Mackenzie Valley Environmental Impact Review Board and, ICCE Technical Advisory Committee Member

Part 1 – Oki Niksokowa: Greetings, All My Relations

This presentation will introduce the concepts of interconnectedness between the Piikani Nation and the sacred role they have as custodians of their ancestral lands. In the Blackfoot heritage and worldview all of nature has a spirit and being; protocol and ceremony are fundamental to understanding how the natural world and human world have and can continue to coexist. The practice of these intricate knowledge systems is the key to cultural and community continuity, well-being, and preservation and are heavily dependent upon resources that can be accessed and found in the environment. With the continual encroachment of development on Piikani ancestral lands, the Piikani way of living and being through their Indigenous knowledge is a constant challenge to maintain and advocate for change. The more Piikani can explore their connection to their land through cumulative effects and translate their values and beliefs to external proponents, the better equipped the nation will be to create meaningful strategies for sustainable partnerships. This presentation will highlight the steps that Piikani Nation has taken in developing actions that will reconnect the Indigenous community members to their environment and how they have developed biocultural protocols to maintain clear paths in cultural and environmental monitoring to sustainability.
Speaker: Ira Provost, Manager, Piikani Consultation & Piikani Traditional Knowledge Services Piikani First Nation

Part 2 – The Perspective of Ermineskin Cree Nation on Cumulative Effects

Cumulative effects are so much more than the sum of every pipeline, well pad, and forestry cut block. Properly understood, what we call “cumulative effects” is the real history of Canada: A history founded in the doctrine of discovery and the implementation of policies and practices that do not protect or promote the rights of Indigenous peoples. In this presentation, the speaker will review and elaborate on the many reasons why Indigenous peoples are the best experts to oversee and identify meaningful and equitable solutions for cumulative effects.
This presentation will also provide an overview of the governance and information systems which Ermineskin Cree Nation is setting up to manage cumulative effects within its ancestral territories. The speaker will also discuss how undoing centuries of cumulative effects will require the federal and provincial governments to move towards genuine nation-to-nation relationships with Indigenous peoples and support Indigenous-led programs and policies.
Speaker: Carol Wildcat, Consultation Director, Ermineskin Cree First Nation

Moderator: Tara Joly, Postdoctoral Fellow, Anthropology, University of Victoria, and ICCE Technical Advisory Committee Member

Cumulative Effects Treaty-Infringement – When to Draw the Line

Cumulative effects treaty-infringement claims are an emerging area of Aboriginal law and have critical implications for resource development and the protection of treaty rights. This session will focus on the treaty infringement claims brought by Beaver Lake Cree Nation and Duncan’s First Nation who allege their treaty has been infringed based on cumulative impacts of development over a period of years.
Speakers: Karey Brooks, Partner, JFK Law 
Matthew General, Special Projects, Lands Environment and Community Development Unit, Duncan’s First Nation
Crystal Lameman, Government Relations Advisor and Treaty Coordinator, Beaver Lake Cree Nation

Moderator: Jill Blakley, Vice Dean Faculty Relations, Interim and Associate Professor, College of Arts and Science, University of Saskatchewan

The Intersection of Cumulative Effects with Indigenous Jurisdiction, Treaty Rights, and Capacity Building

In this session, panelists respond to a series of questions that explore how and why effective cumulative effects assessment is a matter responding to Indigenous jurisdiction, treaty rights and capacity building. Saskatchewan cumulative effects issues are not just environmental; they are intricately tied to transboundary and federal-provincial political struggles; mandates and geographies of Indigenous Nation building; education and capacity building among nations, and more. Without jurisdictional space for Indigenous nations alongside provincial and federal governments, existing policies and regulatory regimes may further entrench and reify cumulative effects issues. Questions and dialogue with the audience is encouraged following the panelists’ comments.
Speaker: David Fortin, Environmental Sciences Lead, File Hills Qu’Appelle Tribal Council

12:30 – 2:00 pm


2:00 – 3:30 pm

Concurrent Sessions

Moderator: Barry J Wilson, RPF, Founder of the RavenWater Learning Circle™, Systems Ecologist, Paraglider Pilot, CEO, CE Analytic Ltd., and ICCE Technical Advisory Committee Member

Part 1 – Smith’s Landing First Nation Spring Fish Camp

The Salt River has been an important location for the annual spring sucker run for Smith’s Landing First Nation (SLFN) since time immemorial. In fact, SLFN selected the Tthejëre Ghaı̨lı̨ (“flows through rotten rock”) reserve in northern Alberta, adjacent to Wood Buffalo National Park and along the Salt River, because of the cultural significance of the annual gathering and harvesting of suckers during the high waters of the spring.
Over the last decades, however, community members have reported that the sucker run has drastically declined due to unpredictable water levels and cumulative effects. Cumulative effects from upstream hydro dams, oil and gas exploration and mining, downstream mineral mining, and climate change are exasperated by an increasingly complex colonial landscape of jurisdictional boundaries, legislation, and acts/policies which have been imposed on SLFN. To better understand these impacts and the health of the sucker run, SLFN has been working to revive the annual sucker run fish camp at Tthejëre Ghaı̨lı̨ where we invite both Dene Knowledge Holders and western scientists to come together in a culturally respectful way to document and study the sucker run. This presentation will showcase the work the SLFN has been doing thanks to the support from ICCE.
Speaker: Becky Kostka, Lands Manager, Smith’s Landing First Nation

Part 2 – First Nation Perspective on Climate Change

As First Nations, many grassroots people continue to rely on the land and water to provide sustenance and livelihood. The traditional practices have required First Nation people to adapt to the ever-changing climate patterns. Resource users are often the first ones to notice the changes in the environment, the water, and the air. However, they are often left with nowhere to report these changes being seen. Resource users often hold vital information that can be used when it comes to monitoring the environment. These changes require new ways of learning, and this has taught people how to adapt to the ever-changing world around us. But recent changing weather patterns are becoming more unpredictable due to the speed at which they occur. This is resulting in First Nations having to become more resilient, and stronger than ever to face the challenges facing our communities due to climate changes.
Speaker: Patricia Mitchell, Executive Director, Manitoba USKE

Part 3 – Lessons, Challenges, and Opportunities of Cumulative Effects Research in James Bay

James Bay and its surrounding environments consist of culturally and biologically valuable ecosystems, yet many remain unstudied. The Eeyous who rely on these ecosystems have seen significant changes brought by land use development and climate change, adversely affecting their traditional practices, the quality of their harvest, and their way of life. Cumulative effects in James Bay are poorly understood because of considerable data gaps and sparse baseline data. This presentation will examine the process, outcomes, and insights from CERRI’s project on baseline study for cumulative effects on James Bay’s valued ecosystems. Dante will discuss the roles of traditional ecological knowledge in research and the project’s technological and legal challenges. He will also highlight the potential roles of younger generations in continuing cumulative effects research.
Speaker: Dante Torio, Marine Biologist/Spatial Ecologist, Chisasibi Eeyou Resource and Research Institute, Cree Nation of Chisasibi

Moderator/Speaker: Chief Andrea Paul, Pictou Landing First Nation

The Story of A’se’k

Michelle Francis-Denny will share her personal story of the legacy of Boat Harbour – or A’se’k (meaning “the other room”), as our community refers to it. Michelle will share her intimate story of A’se’k and participants will be invited to watch a portion of the documentary “There’s Something in the Water” directed by Elliott Page.
The presenter will speak about a wellbeing study that was a collaboration between Pictou Landing First Nation and the Union of Nova Scotia Mi’kmaw. This wellbeing study examined the interconnectedness between the Mi’kmaq people, the natural resources, the cultural and emotional indicators which were interrupted by the pulp and paper industry.
Participants will also watch a second documentary produced by Michelle Francis-Denny and her team with the Boat Harbour Project, about what the Boat Harbour remediation project means for the next generation.
Speakers: Michelle Francis-Denny, Indigenous Relations Manager, Bird Construction, and ICCE Technical Advisory Committee Member

Moderator: Aaron Marchant, Natural Resource Senior Specialist, Rights and Title, Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Úxwumixw (Squamish First Nation), and ICCE Technical Advisory Committee Member

Part 1 – Yecminte re Tmícw – Let’s Take Care of the Land!

Qwelmínte Secwépemc (QS) is a collective of leadership and technicians from eight Secwépemc communities working together with five BC Ministries to move forward via the QS Government-to-Government (G2G) table. The QS G2G table is founded on a “Walking on Two Legs” approach, meaning upholding both Western Laws/Science along with Secwépemc Laws as laid out in our oral histories and songs. Through this collective, QS and BC can continue to make sustained and substantive progress towards long-term reconciliation.
QS is currently working to transform forestry management within our Secwépemc territories. A first step towards this transformation is the development of the Collective Forestry Agreement (CFA), undertaken collaboratively with the BC government. Through these CFA negotiations, the QS signatories work to inform and influence BC policy, regulations, and legislation, bringing about the opportunity to implement collaborative initiatives. The CFA negotiations have also demonstrated a growing need for cumulative effects (CFX) work within the QS Collective Territory of Interest. The CFX work at the QS includes gathering and analyzing data in indicators on the landscape for a CFX analysis, currently titled “The Atlas” (final name to be determined soon).
In this session, we will provide a background and history of the Qwelmínte Secwépemc office, from where we began to where we are now. In addition, we will speak to the foundation of “The Atlas” and the CFA Negotiations, how our organization incorporates Secwépemc values and laws, lessons learned through our work, and how we can utilize “The Atlas” into the future.
Speakers: Ashton Ashley, Tmícw Research Assistant, Qwelmínte Secwépemc
Sophie Collins, Tmícw Technician, Qwelmínte Secwépemc, and ICCE Board Member

Part 2 – Restoring Indigenous Stewardship Through the Realm of Socioeconomic Cumulative Impact Assessment and Monitoring

A fulsome understanding of cumulative impacts extends to assessing the full range of socioeconomic and cultural effects associated with development. In the face of accelerating pressures from oil and gas, mining, and forestry activities, Indigenous communities increasingly are turning a lens to oversight of both the positive and negative impacts of development, both on their own and through initiatives such as the Trans Mountain Expansion – Indigenous Advisory and Monitoring Committee. As it stands, the regulatory requirements and conditions for identifying, managing, monitoring, and responding to socioeconomic impacts, including community safety and security matters related to natural resource projects, are lacking. While legislative change(s) and regulatory adjustment(s) are key to addressing this gap, Indigenous communities are central to a more effective understanding and managing of socioeconomic concerns, including those related to Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls, & Two-Spirit (MMIWG2S) and Gender-based Violence. For instance, the cumulative impacts linked to an influx of large numbers of non-local workers into traditional territories, often called shadow populations, compounds the effects of a history of colonial rule and raises concerns for Indigenous communities regarding the safety of their members, including regarding their women and children. Building capacity at the Indigenous community level to participate directly in the identification of Indigenous socioeconomic indicators and subsequent monitoring is key to preventing or mitigating adverse impacts related to development. Socioeconomic risks must be defined by communities themselves to ensure that what matters most to them is protected, in alignment with their international and constitutionally protected Aboriginal and Treaty rights and central to the commitments made under the United Nations Declaration Act. Community-based monitoring supports Indigenous communities to enact self-government on their traditional lands, is essential to enhanced regulatory oversight, and is key to restoring integrity to activities associated with Indigenous stewardship.
Speaker: Tracy L. Friedel, President, Lac Ste. Anne Métis Community Association, Socioeconomic Subcommittee Chair, Indigenous Advisory and Monitoring Committee-Trans Mountain Expansion (IAMC-TMX), and Affiliate Associate Professor, Department of Curriculum and Pedagogy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver

5:00 - 6:00 pm


Performance by: Tarniriik, Inuit Throat Singers (Samantha Metcalfe(19) and Cailyn Nanauq Degrandpre (18)) 

6:00 – 9:00 pm


Performances by: Mariah Miigwans, Anishinabe from Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg, Dancer, Artist, Storyteller, Cultural Ambassador, Creator of Miigwans Creations and Community Service Worker. 
Fiddleground dynamic fiddling musical act featuring Anthony Brascoupe (Kitigan-Zibi Algonquin and 4th generation fiddler), guitarist David Finkle (Tyendinaga Mohawk territory), with special guest Métis Jigger, Brad Lafortune.




7:00 am - 12 pm


7:30 – 8:30 am

Networking Breakfast / Visit Exhibitors and Poster Exhibition

8:30 – 8:35 am


Elder Reta Gordon, Métis Nation Elder

8:35 – 8:45 am

Plenary - Treaty Partnership in Conservation and Governance 

Sharing discussions about Indigenous biodiversity, treaty partnership and environmental protection, restoration and enhancement.
Speaker: Nicola MacDonald, Acting Chief Executive Officer, Ngāti Manuhiri Settlement Trust, New Zealand 

8:45 – 10:00 am

Plenary - Youth and Elder Panel Discussion

Facilitators: Clynt King, Independent Indigenous Environmental Consultant, ICCE Technical Advisory Committee Member
Pepita Elena McKee
, Chief Executive Officer and Founder, Impact Resolutions Ltd. and Member of the Technical Advisory Committee, ICCE 
Panelists: Elder Jean L’Hommecourt
, Traditional Land Use Researcher, Fort McKay First Nation
Youth Panelists:
Sophie Collins
, Tmícw Technician, Qwelmínte Secwépemc, and ICCE Board Member
Nivi Rosing, Student, Board Member of the Arctic Youth Network and Alumni, Students on Ice Foundation

10:00 – 10:30 am

Networking Break / Visit Exhibitors and Poster Exhibition

10:30 am – 12:00 pm

Concurrent Sessions

Moderator: Dawn Hoogeveen, Research Associate, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, and ICCE Technical Advisory Committee Member

Part 1 – Kitsumkalum First Nation’s Community-Specific Approach to Cumulative Effects Assessment

In the wake of the Yahey decision, cumulative effects assessments are at the forefront of Indigenous-led efforts to protect their lands and resources. This presentation will provide an overview of Kitsumkalum First Nation’s work to understand and assess the impacts of cumulative effects on their territory. Taking a community-based approach, Kitsumkalum is conducting cumulative effects assessment that is informed by the knowledge and expertise of Kitsumkalum land users. Through ongoing community consultation, Kitsumkalum is conducting spatial cumulative effects analysis that aims to reflect the on-the-ground experiences of community members exercising their rights, harvesting their resources, and caring for their lands and waters. Alissa will present on her work supporting Kitsumkalum’s development of a community-specific approach that places Indigenous knowledge at the forefront of cumulative effects assessment.
Speaker: Alissa Cartwright, Indigenous Rights Research Manager, Kwusen Research & Media

Part 2 – Cumulative Effects Field Protocol

Matachewan First Nation and Mattagami First Nation, with Wabun Tribal Council and The Firelight Group, have jointly created a Field Protocol for collecting an Indigenous view of the health of our lands. By following this Protocol and bringing our Elders, youth, and land users with us, we can interview them and see the land the way they see it. Although traditional knowledge is collected, it is done in a more western scientific manner that will allow us to create reports, maps, and other documents that will be needed as more and more industry comes to our Territories. With multiple ‘blind’ visits to specific areas of concern we can monitor the Cumulative Effects the industry is having. During this presentation we will go over the steps we took to build the CE Field Protocol Guide as well as do an overview of what we look for and how we record information.
Delta Flood
, Impact Assessment and Cumulative Effects Coordinator, Matachewan First Nation
Julie McKay
,  Director of Lands and Resources, Mattagami First Nation

Part 1 – Indigenous-led Holistic Cumulative Effects Assessments: Piloting Safely Through the Turbulence

As the pace and scale of proposed development activities continues to increase, how can we be sure that the choices we are making about land and water use are good ones? Many Indigenous communities are flooded with new project referrals with some receiving as many as 3 per day, that’s over 1000 every year! How can we decide what to allow while leaving enough for our children, grandchildren, and their grandchildren?
Unlocking the answers will require us to draw upon two ways of knowing: Indigenous Knowledge and western contemporary science. Using these knowledge sets in harmony means seeing the big picture and the fine details, and how they’re connected. Cumulative effects analysis is a powerful way to bring it all together.
Join Barry Wilson, Systems Ecologist and Founder of the RavenWater Learning Circle™ as he shares powerful stories with case study examples from Indigenous-led holistic cumulative effects assessments.
Attendees will take away proven strategies for using holistic cumulative effects modelling and analysis to assist with:
• evaluating risk and uncertainty
• uncovering opportunities
• simplifying complexity for making good decisions
Moderator/Speaker: Barry J Wilson
, RPF, Founder of the RavenWater Learning Circle™, Systems Ecologist, Paraglider Pilot, CEO, CE Analytic Ltd. and Member of the Technical Advisory Committee, ICCE

Part 2 – Scaling up: The Unique Position of Indigenous Nations in Canada

Join Pepita Elena McKee, ICCE’s elected TAC co-chair, to explore succession, hiring, training, and retention in a cumulative thinking environment. Pepita’s work has focused on co-developing cumulative effects information through the lens of well-being: body, mind, and spirit.
Cumulative effects information can serve multiple purposes, including the health of organizations and effects assessments. Nevertheless, what has shifted for Indigenous organizations and government operations while thinking cumulatively? Pepita would argue not much, positively, through a DEIB and ESG lens.
Learn how the IR team addresses this urgent need for a collective community response about what cumulative effects mean for the organization’s bottom line. It begins with acknowledging various forms of inequity, intergenerational and intersectional tensions, and trauma.
Let us share stories about organizations’ culture toward more effective teamwork, enhanced decision-making, increased creativity and innovation, reduced absenteeism and staff turnover, and lower costs. Promoting harmony and preventing future harm will depend on how well those responsible for cumulative effects can hire, train and retain people. Let us start considering improving policies, practices, and programs promoting equity, inclusion, and belonging. We can remove the barriers to well-being and assist community-driven programming by empowering organizations responsible for developing cumulative effects strategies and programming.
Moderator/Speaker: Pepita Elena McKee
, Chief Executive Officer and Founder, Impact Resolutions Ltd. and Member of the Technical Advisory Committee, ICCE

Moderator: Katerina Kwon, Metlakatla Cumulative Effects Management Program Co-Manager, Metlakatla Stewardship Society, and ICCE Technical Advisory Committee Member

The Kivalliq Inuit Association’s One Voice Program

Are the fish safe to eat? Is the water safe to drink? These 2 questions form the foundation of Inuu’tuti, the Kivalliq Inuit Association’s (KIA) Cumulative Effects Monitoring Program. As a part of our ongoing efforts to answer these questions, the KIA used Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit and comprehensive lab analysis to examine lake trout near the communities of Rankin Inlet and Baker Lake. Lake trout were both captured directly for the program, as well as purchased from the community, and Elders were directly involved throughout the sampling process. This presentation will summarize the KIA One Voice program, including past sampling efforts, and present the results of our sampling near Baker Lake and Rankin Inlet in Nunavut. 
Speakers: ​Jamie Kataluk
, Water & Marine Environmental Specialist, Kivalliq Inuit Association 
Matt McDougall
, Co-Founder, Prairie Scientific Inc.

12:00 – 1:00 pm


1:00 – 2:30 pm

Concurrent Workshops

Moderator: Paul-Antoine Cardin, Technical and Policy Advisor, Indigenous Centre for Cumulative Effects

Part 1 – Open Access to Cumulative Effects Science, Data and Knowledge – The Open Science and Data Platform

The Open Science and Data Platform was developed by Natural Resources Canada and Environment and Climate Change Canada for peoples across Canada including Indigenous communities and organizations to have an open, easily accessible tool to discover data, science, and knowledge to inform their work in cumulative effects research and projects.
The Platform was publicly launched in March 2021 and its catalogue continues to grow and currently provides access to nearly 150,000 cumulative effects relevant records from federal, provincial and territorial governments, including scientific publications and research papers, geospatial datasets, information about proposed industrial developments and federal regulatory activities, such as impact assessments, and monitoring stations.  This presentation and discussion will focus on how the Open Science and Data Platform can be used as a tool to share knowledge to take action through openly sharing data, science and knowledge to inform cumulative effects work, including how the platform came to be, how it functions, and how it can be used to access key information in important areas, such as traditional territories. The presentation will also include a demonstration of the Platform where presenters will take the audience on a journey through the interactive map in regions of interest, to demonstrate how to access data and information that could be used to inform cumulative effects research and studies. The discussion could also explore how consideration of Indigenous knowledge be considered in cumulative effects assessment and how best to share this information.
Speakers: Kelsea Deblois, Impact Assessment Officer, Office of the Chief Scientist, Natural Resources Canada
Marie-Ange Gravel, A/Director, Environmental AssessmentDivision, Environment and Climate Change Canada

Part 2 – Piloting the Northern Ontario EnviroScreen Tool

The EnviroScreen cumulative effects tool is currently being piloted by Health Canada in the Northern Ontario region. The tool compares the overall health of regions using available information on the state of the air, lands, waters and beings. Since September 2022, Three Sisters Consulting has worked with Health Canada to host two workshops that engaged specialists and experts in the fields of Impact Assessment, health and environment, focused on Northern Ontario.  Topics of discussion included uncovering the available data, checking if the data was painting a true picture, and how the tool could be improved to be most useful.  In the final stage of the engagement process Three Sisters is conducting knowledge sharing sessions (currently underway) within Indigenous partners to discuss the findings and further explore usefulness of the tool locally. Our ICCE Conference session will show a working model of the tool, discuss lessons learned from the engagement process, as well as look at potential directions for the future development of EnviroScreen.
Speakers: Sarah Hopkins Herr
, Matriarch and Founder, Three Sisters Consulting
Aurelia Thevenot
, Senior Health in Impact Assessment Specialist, Impact Assessment Division, Health Canada

Moderator: Clynt King, Independent Indigenous Environmental Consultant, and ICCE Technical Advisory Committee Member

Part 1 – Reconceptualizing Cumulative Effects Assessment and Management through Different Ways of Knowing

The recent Yahey (Blueberry First Nations) v. British Columbia, Supreme Court of British Columbia decision has brought cumulative effects to the forefront. In this presentation, we will discuss three Indigenous frameworks that could be used to re-shape cumulative effects assessment and management. While it is recognized there are complementary aspects of western science and Indigenous Knowledge, there remain questions as to how best to align these worldviews. Much of the recent natural resource management literature reviewing the bridging of Indigenous knowledge systems with Western science continues to be generated from the dominant colonial point of view. There is a need to ensure Indigenous Knowledge systems are reflected in an equal manner while allowing Indigenous communities and nations the necessary capacity and time to consider these pressures more fulsomely. Cumulative effects on their own are complex, broad, and pervasive and are not well considered in natural resource management processes. As a result of the complexity, the assessment and management of cumulative effects suffer from a lack of integrated baseline data, consideration of social-ecological thresholds and coordinating management responses.
By exploring three examples of Indigenous worldviews, the speakers will demonstrate how cumulative effects assessment could be reframed to better address these complexities while supporting community level needs and interests. CMN is proud to support this research and to contribute to the conference theme, Sharing Knowledge to Take Action.
Speakers: Monique Dubé, Executive Director, Canadian Mountain Network
Lawrence Ignace
, PhD Student, University of Victoria, Vice Chair, Canadian Mountain Network Board of Directors, and Board Member, ICCE

Part 2 – Cumulative Impacts on the St. Lawrence River and the Mohawks of Kahnawà:ke

Industrial development, exemplified by the St. Lawrence Seaway canal, have presented numerous challenges to the ability to exercise rights by the Mohawks of Kahnawà:ke in and around the St. Lawrence River. The continued push for economic development and exploitation of the river, and a lack of options for meaningfully assessing impacts of new and existing projects, led the Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke to request a regional assessment of the St. Lawrence under the Impact Assessment Act in July 2020, which was subsequently granted by the federal Minister of Environment. Speakers will discuss the history of cumulative effects on the community, the rationale for the request, and the progress made on the implementation of the regional assessment, including challenges experienced to date.
Speakers: Chief Stephen McComber, Mohawk Council of Kanawà:ke
Patrick Ragaz, General Manager of Field Science, Environment Protection Office, Mohawk Council of Kanawà:ke

Moderator: Michelle Francis-Denny, Indigenous Relations Manager, Bird Construction, and ICCE Technical Advisory Committee Member

Part 1 – Regional Strategic Environmental Assessment of the Slave Geological Province: Developing a Common Vision for a Sustainable Future

The Slave Geologic Province (SGP) within the Northwest Territories is the location of Canada’s current largest operating diamond mines, but it also has great mineral resource and economic potential for the future. It is also an area that supports the cultural well-being, way of life and food security of the Dene and Inuit who use this area to harvest some of the historically largest herds of barren-ground caribou. In recent years, environmental assessments done by the Mackenzie Valley Review Board have identified that significant cumulative effects exist to caribou, as well as social, cultural, and economic impacts, which cannot be fully mitigated through the tools available in project assessment and that a regional approach is required. In 2021, the Tłıc̨hǫ Government requested to the Federal Government that a Regional Strategic Environmental Assessment (RSEA) be conducted to address these cumulative effects concerns. This presentation will describe the process to date and look at how an RSEA of the Slave Geological Province can help decision makers achieve balance amongst environmental, cultural, and economic factors to enhance and sustain overall well-being in the future.
Speakers: Mark Cliffe-Phillips, Executive Director, Mackenzie Valley Environmental Impact Review Board, and ICCE Technical Advisory Committee Member

Part 2 – Wolastoqey Perspectives on Impacts

The presentation will highlight the cumulative impacts on the Outer Bay of Fundy Atlantic salmon, and how the Wolastoqey Nation in New Brunswick has attempted to address the issues surrounding the loss of access to a cultural keystone species including the legacy of dams, overfishing, pollution, and development. The presenter will speak about incorporating Indigenous knowledge into the Canadian environmental assessments for Sisson Mine and how that changed the process and standards of Duty to Consult for the Wolastoqey and about the implications of the Nashwaak watershed for salmon and the Golden Triangle for resource use.
The presenter will also address offshore Newfoundland and Nova Scotia oil and gas exploration and development, and the regional assessment of the Newfoundland area and how they balanced science and Indigenous knowledge to inject themselves into the conversation. For Atlantic salmon, an absence of evidence is not evidence of absence and the speaker will address the outcomes and shortfalls, and he will share information about the Environmental Studies Research Fund (ESRF).
Gordon will also share how they are attempting to establish culturally relevant baselines with their cumulative effects project, how they deal with the shifting baseline when dealing with an imperiled species and where they go from here!
Gordon Grey, Impact Assessment Manager, Wolastoqey First Nation

2:30 – 3:15 pm

Closing Plenary

Inspiration Through Inuit Art

Reflecting on social and environmental issues in the Arctic, Curator Deborah Kigjugalik Webster will showcase Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit (knowledge) and art to raise awareness and inspire conference participants.
Deborah Kigjugalik Webster, Heritage Researcher and Writer


3:15 – 3:30 pm

Wrap-Up and Draws

3:30 pm

Closing Prayer